|| Namo Arihantanam ||
|| Namo Siddhanam ||
|| Namo Ayariyanam ||
|| Namo Uvajjhayanam ||
|| Namo Loe Savva Sahunam ||
|| Eso Panch Namokaro, Savva Pava Panasano ||
|| Mangala Nancha Savvesim, Padhamam Havai Mangalam ||
The Meaning :
Namo Arihantanam means:
I bow to all enlighten beings (Arihants) who have attained perfect knowledge, vision, bliss, and power and have shown the proper path of liberation that is Right Knowledge, Right Perception, and Right Conduct; which brings the cycles of birth, death, and misery to an end.
Namo Siddhanam means:
I bow to all liberated souls (Siddhas) who have attained the state of perfection and immortality by following the path of liberation and achieving freedom of all karma.
Namo Ayariyanam means:
I bow to the head of the religious congregations (Acharyas), who follow the path of liberation, preach the principles of religion, and inspire us to live moral and spiritual life.
Namo Uvajjhayanam means:
I bow to the ascetic teachers (Upadhyayas) who explain the true nature of the soul and karma from the religious scriptures and show us the importance of the spiritual life over the material life.
Namo Loe Savva Sahunam means:
I bow to all ascetics who strictly follow the five great vows of conduct, which are total nonviolence, truthfulness, non-stealing, celibacy and non-possession; and inspire us to live a simple life.
Eso Panch Namokaro, Savva Pava Panasano. Mangala Namcha Savvesim, Padhamam Havai Mangalam means:
To these five types of great souls I offer my obeisance. May such obeisance help diminish my transgressions and sins. Giving this praise is the most auspicious as to bring happiness.
The Navkar Mantra is the most fundamental mantra in Jainism and can be recited at any time of the day. While reciting the Navkar Mantra, the aspirant bows with respect to Arihantas, Siddhas, Acharyas, Upadhyas, Sadhu & Sadhvis. The mantra enables us to worship the virtues of all the supreme spiritual people instead of just worshipping one particular person. For this reason, the Navkar Mantra does not mention the names of any Tirthankaras, Siddhas, Acharyas, Upadhyas, Sadhu & Sadhvis. At the time of recitation, we remember their virtues and try to emulate them. In this mantra we bow down to these supreme spiritual personalities, and therefore, it is also called Namaskar or Namokar Maha Mantra.... As this mantra brings happiness and protects ones soul it is known as Atma Rakshak Navkar Mantra. No particular person has created this mantra, as Jainism is in existance since endless time.